Wichtige Patienteninformationen

Erwachsene wie auch Kinder und Jugendliche können kurzfristig in Krisen geraten, die zu Gefühlen der Hilflosigkeit und Überlastung bis hin zur Hoffnungslosigkeit führen. Mit dem Krisendienst bieten wir Betroffenen zeitnahe Unterstützung.

Sie möchten einen Termin vereinbaren oder suchen Hilfe in einer akuten Krisensituation? Dann zögern Sie nicht, sich bei uns zu melden. Hier finden Sie alle wichtigen Informationen auf einen Blick.

Termine und Sprechzeiten

Kinder & Jugendliche
Standort Bochum
Unsere Telefonsprechzeiten

Mo und Di 16 – 18 Uhr
Mi keine Sprechzeit
Do 10 – 13 Uhr
Fr 10 – 13 Uhr
unter der Telefonnummer: +49 234 32 28 178

E-Mail

ambulanz-kjp@rub.de

Außerhalb der Sprechzeiten hinterlassen Sie bitte eine Nachricht auf unserem Anrufbeantworter. Wir rufen Sie gerne zurück.

Mehr Informationen: hier

Das Angebot richtet sich nicht an Kinder und Jugendliche, die den Eindruck haben, kurz vor einem Suizidversuch bzw. Suizid zu stehen. Wenden Sie sich in einem solchen Fall bitte umgehend an den Notdienst (112) oder an eine notfallaufnehmende kinder- und jugendpsychiatrische Klinik. In Bochum ist dies für Kinder und Jugendliche das

VALEARA Bochum -
Zentrum für Seelische Gesundheit
Axtstraße 33
44879 Bochum

erreichbar montags bis freitags von 7.30 bis 16.30 Uhr unter Tel.: +49 234 41 83 75 sowie in Notfällen täglich ab 16.30 Uhr unter Tel.: +49 234 41 83 03.

Mehr Informationen zur Ambulanz für Kinder und Jugendliche: hier

Erwachsene

Ambulante psychotherapeutische Hilfe für Erwachsene erhalten Sie in unserer Hochschulambulanz in der Bochumer Innenstadt sowie in unserer Außenstelle in Hattingen.

Standort Bochum
Unsere Telefonsprechzeiten:

Mo bis Do von 9.30 – 13 Uhr
unter der Telefonnummer: +49 234 32 27 788

E-Mail

zpt-ambulanz@rub.de

Außerhalb der Sprechzeiten hinterlassen Sie bitte eine Nachricht auf unserem Anrufbeantworter. Wir rufen Sie gern zurück.

Mehr Informationen zur Ambulanz für Erwachsene: hier

Standort Hattingen
Unsere Telefonsprechzeiten:

Dienstag bis Freitag von 12 bis 13 Uhr
unter Tel.: +49 2324 38 96 777

E-Mail

zpt-hattingen@rub.de

Das Angebot richtet sich nicht an Menschen, die den Eindruck haben, kurz vor einem Suizidversuch bzw. Suizid zu stehen. Wenden Sie sich in einem solchen Fall bitte umgehend an den Notdienst (112) oder an eine notfallaufnehmende psychiatrische Klinik. In Bochum sind dies entweder das

LWL-Universitätsklinikum
Alexandrinenstraße 1
44791 Bochum-Zentrum
Tel. +49 234 50 770

oder das


Martin-Luther-Krankenhaus
Voedestraße 79
44866 Bochum-Wattenscheid
Tel. +49 2327 650

Unsere Adressen

FBZ – Forschungs- und
Behandlungszentrum für
psychische Gesundheit

Bochumer Fenster
Massenbergstraße 9 – 13
44787 Bochum

Standort Hattingen
Essener Straße 31
45529 Hattingen

Ausgewählte Forschungsarbeiten

2021

Brailovskaia, J., Cosci, F., Mansueto, G., Miragall, M., Herrero, R., Baños, R. M., Krasavtseva, Y., Kochetkov, Y., & Margraf, J. (2021). The association between depression symptoms, psychological burden caused by Covid-19 and physical activity: An investigation in Germany, Italy, Russia, and Spain. Psychiatry Research, 295, 113596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113596

Konrad, C., Berger-Hanke, M., Hassel, G., & Barr, R. (accepted for publication on 11/24/2020). Does texting interrupt imitation learning in 19-month-old infants? Infant Behavior and Development. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2020.101513

Munsch, S., Messerli-Bürgy, N., Meyer, A. H., Humbel, N., Schopf, K., Wyssen, A. et al. (2021). Consequences of exposure to thin ideal in mass media depending on moderators in young women: An experimental study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, in press.

Velten, J., Milani, S., Margraf, J., & Brotto, L. A. (in press). Visual attention to sexual stimuli in women with clinical, subclinical, and normal sexual functioning: An eye-tracking study. Journal of Sexual Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.10.005

Woud, M. L., Blackwell, S. E., Shkreli, L., Würtz, F., Cwik, J. C., Margraf, J., … & Kessler, H. (accepted). The Effects of modifying dysfunctional appraisals in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder using a form of Cognitive Bias Modification: Results of a randomized controlled trial in an inpatient setting. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.

2020

Blackwell, S. E. (2020). Clinical efficacy of cognitive bias modification interventions. Lancet Psychiatry, 7, 465-467. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2215-0366(20)30170-x

Blackwell, S. E., Dooley, D., Würtz, F., Woud, M. L., & Margraf, J. (2020). Inducing positive involuntary mental imagery in everyday life: an experimental investigation. Memory, 28, 1157-1172. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2020.1822413

Brailovskaia, J., & Teichert, T. (2020). “I like it” and “I need it”: Relationship between implicit associations, flow, and addictive social media use. Computers in Human Behavior, 113, 106509. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106509

Brailovskaia, J., Ströse, F., Schillack, H., & Margraf, J. (2020). Less Facebook use–More well-being and a healthier lifestyle? An experimental intervention study. Computers in Human Behavior, 108, 106332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106332

Ehli, S., Wolf, J., Newen, A., Schneider, S., & Voigt, B. (2020). Determining the Function of Social Referencing: The Role of Familiarity and Situational Threat. Frontiers in Psychology, 11:538228. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.538228

Konrad, C., Adolph, D., Herbert, J. S., Neuhoff, L., Mohr, C., Jagusch-Poirier, J., Seehagen, S., Weigelt, S., & Schneider, S. (2020). A new 3-day standardized Eyeblink Conditioning Protocol to assess Extinction Learning from Infancy to Adulthood. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2020.00135

Margraf, J., Zhang, X. C., Lavallee, K. L., & Schneider, S. (2020). Longitudinal prediction of positive and negative mental health in Germany, Russia, and China. PLoS ONE 15(6): e0234997. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234997

Rus-Calafell, M., Ward, T., Zhang, X. C., Edwards, C., Garety, P., & Craig, T. (2020). The Role of Sense of Voice Presence and Anxiety Reduction in AVATAR Therapy. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(9), 2748. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9092748

Scholten, S., Lavallee, K., Velten, J., Zhang, X., & Margraf, J. (2020). The Brief Daily Stressors Screening Tool: An introduction and evaluation. Stress and Health, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.2965

Seehagen, S., Schneider, S., Sommer, K., La Rocca, L., & Konrad, C. (2020). State-dependent memory in infants. Child Development. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13444

Totzeck, C., Teismann, T., Hofmann, S., von Brachel, R., Pflug, V., Wannemüller, A., & Margraf, J. (2020). May you be happy: Loving-kindness meditation promotes mental health in university students. Mindfulness, 11, 1623–1631. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01375-w

Velten, J., Brotto, L. A., Chivers, M. L., Hirschfeld, G., & Margraf, J. (2020). The power of the present: Effects of three mindfulness tasks on women’s sexual response. Clinical Psychological Science, 8(1), 125-138. https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702619861394

Meyers, M., Margraf, J., & Velten, J. (2020). Psychological treatment of low sexual desire in women: Protocol for a randomized, waitlist-controlled trial of internet-based cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based treatments. JMIR Research Protocols, 9(9), e20326. https://doi.org/10.2196/20326

von Brachel, R., Bieda, A., Margraf, J., & Hirschfeld, G. (2020). Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)-18 in Psychotherapy Patients. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 36, 12-18. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000480

Ward, T., Rus-Calafell, M., Ramadhan, Z., Soumelidou, O., Fornells-Ambrojo, M., Garety, P., & Craig, T. (2020). AVATAR Therapy for Distressing Voices: A Comprehensive Account of Therapeutic Targets. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 46(5), 1038–1044. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbaa061

Zahler, L., Sommer, K., Reinecke, A., Wilhelm, F., Margraf, J., & Woud, M. L. (2020). Cognitive vulnerability in the context of panic: Assessment of panic-related associations and interpretations in individuals with varying levels of anxiety sensitivity? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 44, 858-873. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10103-6

2019

Blackwell, S. E., Woud, M. L., Margraf, J., & Schönbrondt, F. D. (2019). Introducing the leapfrog design: A simple bayesian adaptive rolling trial design for accelerated treatment development and optimization. Clinical Psychological Science, 7(6), 1222-1243. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2167702619858071

Brailovskaia, J., Bierhoff, H. -W., & Margraf, J. (2019). How to identify narcissism with 13 items? Validation of the German Narcissistic Personality Inventory–13 (G-NPI-13). Assessment, 26(4), 630-644. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191117740625

Brailovskaia, J., Rohmann, E., Bierhoff, H. -W., Schillack, H., & Margraf, J. (2019). The relationship between daily stress, social support and Facebook Addiction Disorder. Psychiatry Research, 276, 167-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.014

Konietzny, K., Chehadi, O., Levenig, C., Kellmann, M., Kleinert, J., Mierswa, T., & Hasenbring, M. I. (2019). Depression and suicidal ideation in high performance athletes suffering from low back pain: the role of stress and pain related thought suppression. European Journal of Pain, 23, 1196–1208. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1387

Konrad, C., Dirks, N. D., Warmuth, A., Herbert, J. S., Schneider, S., & Seehagen, S. (2019). Sleep-dependent selective imitation in infants. Journal of Sleep Research, e12777. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12777

Lavallee, K., Zhang, X. C., Michelak, J., Schneider, S., & Margraf, J. (2019). Vegetarian diet and mental health: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses in culturally diverse samples. Journal of affective disorders, 248, 147-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.01.035

Lippert, M. W., Pflug, V., Lavallee, K. & Schneider, S. (2019). Enhanced Family Approaches for the Anxiety Disorders. In T. Ollendick, L. Farrell & P. Muris (Eds.), Innovations in CBT for Childhood Anxiety, OCD, and PTSD: Improving Access & Outcomes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Raeder, F., Merz, C. J., Tegenthoff, M., Wolf O. T., Margraf J., & Zlomuzica A. (2019). Post-exposure cortisol administration does not augment the success of exposure therapy: A randomized placebo-controlled study. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 99, 174-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.09.015

Rus-Calafell, M., & Schneider, S. (2019). Are we there yet?! — a literature review of recent digital technology advances for the treatment of early psychosis. mHealth. https://doi.org/10.21037/mhealth.2019.09.14

Schopf, K., Mohr, C., Lippert, M., Sommer, K., & Schneider, S. (2019). The role of exposure in the treatment of anxiety in children and adolescents: Protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews, 9: 96. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-020-01337-2

Schoppmann, J., Schneider, S., & Seehagen, S. (2019). Wait and See: Observational Learning of Distraction as an Emotion Regulation Strategy in 22-Month-Old Toddlers. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 47(5), 851–853. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-018-0486-7

Schuck, K. & Schneider, S. (2019). Entwicklung und Prävention von Essstörungen und Adipositas bei Kindern und Jugendlichen. Zeitschrift für Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 67, 9-17. https://doi.org/10.1024/1661-4747/a000367

Voigt, B., Pauen, S., & Bechtel-Kuehne, S. (2019). Getting the mouse out of the box: Tool innovation in preschoolers. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 184, 65-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2019.03.005

von Brachel, R., Hirschfeld, G., Berner, A., Willutzki, U., Teismann, T., Cwik, J.C., Velten, J., Schulte, D., & Margraf, J. (2019). Long-term effectiveness of CBT in routine outpatient care - a 5 to 20-year follow-up study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 88, 225-235. https://doi.org/10.1159/000500188

von Brachel, R., Teismann, T., Feider, L., & Margraf, J. (2019). Suicide ideation as a predictor of treatment outcomes in cognitive-behavioral therapy for unipolar mood disorders. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 19(1), 80–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2018.09.002

2018

Chehadi, O., Rusu, A. C., Konietzny, K., Schulz, E., Köster, O., Schmidt-Wilcke, T. & Hasenbring, M. I. (2018). Brain structural alterations associated with dysfunctional cognitive control of pain in patients with low back pain. European Journal of Pain, 22(4), 745–755. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1159

Craig, T., Rus-Calafell, M., Ward, T., Leff, J., Huckvale, M., Howard, E., Emsley, R., & Garety, P. (2018). AVATAR therapy for auditory verbal hallucinations in people with psychosis: A single-blind, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Psychiatry, 5, 31-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2215-0366(17)30427-3

Konietzny, K., Chehadi, O., Streitlein-Bohme, I., Rusche, H., Willburger, R. E., & Hasenbring, M. I. (2018). Mild depression in low back pain: the interaction of thought suppression and stress plays a role, especially in female patients. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 25(2), 207–214. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-017-9657-0

Schuck, K., Munsch, S., & Schneider, S. (2018). Body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among children and adolescents in Germany. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 12:10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0216-5

Wannemüller, A., Moser, D., Kumsta, R., Jöhren, H. -P., & Margraf, J. (2018). The Return of Fear: Variation of the Serotonin Transporter Gene Predicts Outcome of a Highly Standardized Exposure-Based One-Session Fear Treatment. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 87(2), 95-104. https://doi.org/10.1159/000486100

Woud, M. L., Blackwell, S. E., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Browning, M., Holmes, E. A., Harmer, C. J., & Reinecke, A. (2018). Investigating d-cycloserine as a potential pharmacological enhancer of an emotional bias-learning procedure. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 32, 569-577. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881118754679

Zhang, X. C., Woud, M. L., Becker, E. S., & Margraf, J. (2018). Do health-related factors predict major depression? A longitudinal epidemiologic study. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy, 25(3), 378–387. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2171

Zlomuzica, A., Woud, M. L., Machulska, A., Dietrich, L., Kleimt, K., Assion, H. J., Wolf O. T., Dere E., & Margraf, J. (2018). Deficits in episodic memory and mental time travel in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 83:42-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.12.014

2017

Bieda, A., Hirschfeld, G., Schönfeld, P., Brailovskaia, J., Zhang, X. C., & Margraf, J. (2017). Universal Happiness? Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance of Scales Assessing Positive Mental Health. Psychological Assessment, 29, 408-421. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000353

Blackwell, S. E., Woud, M. L., & MacLeod, C. (2017). A question of control? Examining the role of control conditions in experimental psychopathology using the example of cognitive bias modification research. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 20: e54. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2017.41

Chehadi, O., Suchan, B., Konietzny, K., Köster, O., Schmidt-Wilcke, T., & Hasenbring, M. I. (2017). Gray matter alteration associated with pain catastrophizing in patients 6 months after lumbar disk surgery. PAIN Reports, 2(5), e617. https://doi.org/10.1097/pr9.0000000000000617

Preusser, F., Margraf, J., & Zlomuzica, A. (2017). Generalization of extinguished fear to untreated fear stimuli after exposure. Neuropsychopharmacology, 13:2545-2552. https://doi.org/10.1038/npp.2017.119

Rus-Calafell, M., Garety, P., Sason, E., Craig, T., & Valmaggia, L. (2017). Virtual reality in the assessment and treatment of psychosis: a systematic review of its utility, acceptability and effectiveness. Psychological Medicine, 48, 1-30. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291717001945

Schneider, S., Pflug, V., In-Albon, T. & Margraf, J. (2017). Kinder-DIPS Open Access: Diagnostisches Interview bei psychischen Störungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter. Bochum: Forschungs- und Behandlungszentrum für psychische Gesundheit, Ruhr-Universität Bochum. https://doi.org/10.13154/rub.101.90

Schuck, K. & Schneider, S. (2017). Kinderängste – Erscheinungsbild, Diagnostik, Ursachen und Behandlungsmöglichkeiten. Frühe Kindheit, 3-17.

Woud, M. L., Verwoerd, J. R. L., & Krans, J. (2017). Modification of Cognitive Biases related to posttraumatic stress: A systematic review and research agenda. Clinical Psychology Review, 54, 81–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2017.04.003

Zhang, X.C., Kuchinke, L., Woud, M. L., Velten, J., & Margraf, J. (2017). Survey Method Matters: Online/Offline Questionnaires and Face-to-Face or Telephone Interviews Differ. Computers in Human Behavior, 71, 172-180. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.02.006

2016

Konietzny, K., Suchan, B., Kreddig, N., Hasenbring, M. I. & Chehadi, O. (2016). Emotionsregulation und Schmerzen: behaviorale und neuronale Korrelate - ein transdiagnostischer Ansatz. Der Schmerz, 30(5), 412–420. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00482-016-0162-1

Konrad, C., Seehagen, S., Schneider, S., & Herbert, J. S. (2016). Naps promote flexible memory retrieval in infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 58(7), 866-874. https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.21431

Margraf, J., & Schneider, S. (2016). From neuroleptics to neuroscience and from Pavlov to psychotherapy: more than just the “emperor’s new treatments” for mental illnesses? EMBO Molecular Medicine, 8, 1115-1117. https://doi.org/10.15252/emmm.201606650

Pflug, V., Schneider, S. (2016). School Absenteeism: An Online Survey via Social Networks. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 47(3), 417-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-015-0576-5

Woud, M. L., Becker, E. S., Rinck, M., Harmer, C. J., & Reinecke, A. (2016). Assessment of automatic associations with bodily sensations and agoraphobic situations in panic disorder. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 52, 105-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.04.001

2015

Blackwell, S. E., Browning, M., Mathews, A., Pictet, A., Welch, J., Davies, J., Watson, P., Geddes, J. R., & Holmes, E. A. (2015). Positive imagery-based cognitive bias modification as a web-based treatment tool for depressed adults: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Psychological Science, 3, 91-111. https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702614560746

Margraf, J. (2015). Zur Lage der Psychologie. Psychologische Rundschau, 66, 1-30. https://doi.org/10.1026/0033-3042/a000247

Margraf, J., Meyer, A, & Lavallee, K. (2015). Pursuit of psychoplasty? Psychological health and aims of aestheric surgery patients. Clinical Psychological Science, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702614551409

Seehagen, S., Konrad, C., Herbert, J. S., & Schneider, S. (2015). Timely sleep facilitates declarative memory consolidation in infants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(5), 1625–1629. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1414000112

Zlomuzica, A., Preusser, F., Schneider, S., & Margraf, J. (2015). Increased perceived self-efficacy facilitates the extinction of fear in healthy participants. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 9:270. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00270

2014

Voigt, B., Mahy, C. E. V., Ellis, J., Schnitzspahn, K., Krause, I., Altgassen, M., & Kliegel, M. (2014). The development of time-based prospective memory in childhood: The role of working memory updating. Developmental Psychology, 50(10), 2393-2404. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037491

von Brachel, R., Hötzel, K., Hirschfeld, G., Schmidt, U., Rieger, E., Kosfelder, J., Hechler, T., Schulte, D., & Vocks, S. (2014). Predicting dropout from an internet-based program for women with eating disorders. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16 (3), e92. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.3104

2013

Hötzel, K., von Brachel, R., Schmidt, U., Rieger, E., Kosfelder, J., Hechler, T., Schulte, D., & Vocks, S. (2013). An internet-based program to enhance motivation to change in females with symptoms of an eating disorder: A randomized-controlled trial. Psychological Medicine, 16, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291713002481

Schneider, S., Blatter-Meunier, J., Herren, C., In-Albon, T., Adornetto, C., Meyer, A., & Lavallee, K. L. (2013). The efficacy of a family-based cognitive-behavioral treatment for separation anxiety disorder in children aged 8–13: A randomized comparison with a general anxiety program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81(5), 932–940. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032678

Schneider, S., In-Albon, T., Nuendel, B., & Margraf, J. (2013). Parental Panic Treatment Reduces Children's Long-Term Psychopathology: A Prospective Longitudinal Study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 82(5), 346–348. https://doi.org/10.1159/000350448

2012

Bruchmüller, K., Margraf, J., & Schneider, S. (2012). Is ADHD diagnosed in accord with diagnostic criteria? Overdiagnosis influence of client gender on diagnosis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80(1), 128–138. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026582

Dere, E., & Zlomuzica, A. (2012). The role of gap junctions in the brain in health and disease. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 36:206-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.05.015

Pflug, V., Seehagen, S., & Schneider, S. (2012). Nichts Neues seit dem “kleinen Hans” und dem “kleinen Peter”? Psychotherapie der Angststörungen des Kindes- und Jugendalters. Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 40, 21-28. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1024/1422-4917/a000146